Some Advice for Back Pain

Achieve the best quality of life in in your workplace and professional life.

In all cases you should seek to increase user comfort by adapting to the functional requirements, reducing risk and increasing efficiency.

Well to put it simply, bad ergonomics is the root of most sick days in the world and it can really do a number on a great many parts of your body.

There are different forms that it can take and each different forms. For example, Forward Head Posture is something that is caused by many modern things like too much cell phone exposure. In fact some FHP symptoms are downright scary!

What does Ergonomics mean?

Each day the machines perform more jobs.

This diffusion of mechanization and automation often accelerates the pace of work and sometimes can make it less interesting.

Moreover, there are still many tasks to be done manually and involving great physical effort. One of the consequences of manual labor, in addition to increased mechanization, is that more and more workers suffering from back pain, neck pain, swollen wrists, arms and legs and eye strain there.

Ergonomics is the study of work in relation to the environment in which it takes place (the workplace) and those who perform (workers).

It is used to determine how to design or adapt the workplace to the worker to avoid various health problems and increase efficiency.

In other words, to make the job fit the worker rather than forcing workers to adapt to it.

A simple example is to raise the height of a worktable so the operator does not have to bend unnecessarily to work. The ergonomic specialist, called ergonomist, studies the relationship between the worker, the workplace and workplace design.

In the workplace

fig-1707104_640The application of ergonomics in the workplace brings many obvious benefits. For the worker, a healthier and safer working conditions; for the employer, the most obvious benefit is increased productivity.

Ergonomics is a science of broad scope covering the various working conditions that can affect comfort and health of workers, including factors such as lighting, noise, temperature, vibration, design of where you work, the tools, the machines, the seats and footwear and the workplace, including items such as shift work, breaks and mealtimes.

The information in this module is limited to the basic principles of ergonomics regarding the work done sitting or standing, tools, heavy physical work and design jobs.

For many workers in developing countries, the case ergonomic problems are not among the priority issues in health and safety to be resolved, but the large number, and growing, workers who are covered by a design evil conceived makes ergonomic issues are unimportant. Because of the importance and prevalence of health problems related to the non-application of the rules of ergonomics in the workplace, these issues have become points of negotiation for many unions.

Ergonomics applies principles of biology, psychology, anatomy and physiology to suppress the workplace situations that may result in discomfort, fatigue or poor health workers. Ergonomics can be used to prevent a job is poorly designed if applied when a job, tools or workplace is conceived.

For example, you can greatly decrease or even totally eliminate, the risk that a worker suffers injury musculoskeletal system if you are given hand tools properly designed from the moment a task that requires the use of hand tools begins.

Until recent years, some workers, unions, employers, manufacturers and researchers have begun to pay attention to how it can influence the design of workplace health workers. If ergonomic principles do not apply, tools, machines, equipment and workplaces are often designed without much regard for the fact that people have different heights, shapes and sizes and different strength.

It is important to consider these differences to protect the health and comfort of workers. If the ergonomic principles are not applied, workers often are forced to adapt to poor working conditions.


How healthy spinach is really?

Spinach is available in supermarkets throughout the year as frozen goods. From March he reappears as fresh vegetables from our domestic production to the market stalls.


There has been much talk about how detoxing is supposed to be so good for our bodies, and there are certainly many detoxing programs out there that seem to promise the world.

However that is not for us to say whether they are real or not, but Spinach is usually touted as a superfood in a similar way that some fruits like the Cranberry juice detox.

Please include attribution to with this graphic.

10 Benefits Of Cranberry Juice

But is it really as healthy as is always claimed?

Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is native to Asia.

This annual herbaceous plant is there just as here in Europe as a leaf vegetable very popular.

Today with us different cultivated varieties are grown. In addition to the tender spring and summer spinach there until the cold season in autumn and winter also spinach.

The harvested later in the year varieties are somewhat rough and should be cooked before consumption.

In the first half of the vegetable plant is grown mainly as baby spinach. The later varieties have larger and long-stemmed leaves.

Today there are also rotstielige cultivated varieties of spinach, which can be processed the same way as the familiar green leafy vegetables.

Sometimes chard leaves are equated with spinach. But the vegetable plant belongs to a different plant family. Mangold is prepared like spinach.

Young, tender spinach leaves can be eaten fresh alone or with other lettuces. The spinach leaves have a spicy flavor. Spinach is traditionally eaten with potatoes and fried egg.

But there are a number of other ways to use the green vegetables in the kitchen. You can cook fresh spinach, and held with a Bolognese sauce fill the lasagna so.

This vegetarian version of the popular Italian pasta dish tastes good and with the valuable ingredients of spinach provides a healthy meal.

Vegetable soups with spinach, salmon with steamed spinach leaves or pancakes with a creamy spinach are just a few ways you can cook spinach. Spinach can be served with other vegetables as a side dish.

Carrots, tomatoes, broccoli, beans and onions go great with it.

Swimming after eating: Did our parents lie!?

Are we really discussing this..again!
Are we really discussing this..again!

True or false: You must wait two hours to go swimming after eating.

Who has not heard this as a child?

All parents – almost – will tell you that you have to wait an hour, an hour and a half or two hours after eating before going swimming. Under pain of cramps, hypothermia, drowning, death or other such annoyances. Even for the smallest amounts of food!

So clarify immediately: it is a myth … Another beautiful lie.

Indeed, no one to date has been able to establish any correlation between drowning and stomach contents.

What about cramps?

According to Wikipedia, a cramp is:

a disorder of the musculoskeletal system characterized by painful and temporary contraction of a muscle. Cramps occur more often at the flexors of the arms or legs.

If there is a link between the cramps and food, say it is not very strong.

Of course, a balanced diet plays a role in preventing cramps (hydration, magnesium, potassium, calcium …), but it did not play in time … Incidentally, have a cramp while swimming really does not seem that dangerous if panic.

What about hypothermia?

It is true that also speaks of hypothermia to justify this cautionary statement. So, a hypothermia, what is it? Also according to Wikipedia:

A syncope is a thermal shock between a human and aquatic environment. It causes cardio-ventilatory stop which usually causes loss of consciousness followed by drowning if the subject is not rescued quickly. This term derives from the word electric itself derived from the word execution.

There is serious indeed. Do not mess with thermal shock. Except that there is once again no relation to mealtime or stomach contents …

So … Where did this story come from?

All that is known of the origins of the myth, that the first written record was found in a handbook “Scouting for Boys” 1908.

In fact if you go about cooking a properly balanced diet with the correct cookware, like these cookware sets from the The Kitchen Guy; you be at a much reduced risk of any issues, as well as being able to have fun for longer.

First, there is the threat of cramp. If you bathe Within an hour and a half after-Taking a meal, That Is, before your food is digested, you are very likely to get cramp. Cramp double you up in extreme pain so That You can not move your arms or legs – and down you go. May you drown – and it will be your own fault.

In plain English, if you please!

First, there is the danger of cramps. If you bathe you in the hour and a half after your meal, ie, before the end of the digestion, you will certainly cramp. Cramp make you fold you in extreme pain. You can not move your arms and legs – and splash, you can drown you – and it will be your own fault.

Nice, Scout spirit. “You will die and it will be your own fault.” Or how traumatize entire generations of kids with impunity.

In fact, as often with the precautionary principle – which is always applied indiscriminately – it is indeed more damage believing avoid:

We teach stupid things to our children by teaching them to be content with causal links completely improbable effect. It’s almost a crime against criticism

We torture poor innocent kids for nothing. And not just because we feel guilty for anything, but already just because two hours is long, especially two in frustration for a child!

It actually increases the real risks, including sunstroke and sunburn by preventing the children to cool off during the hottest hours.

Furthermore the remains several hours under the sun causes an increase in body temperature which also increases the risk of hypothermia.

Finally in this time of the world championships in swimming, before you go to bathe, consider these professional swimmers who eat before competition to avoid hypoglycemia!

Are they in danger from cramps? Far from it, they actually need the calories before they practice & compete!


The success of Canadian swimmers in the pool and elsewhere

canada-1157521_640We met the swimmers and coaches Swimming Canada based in Quebec City to discuss how to form complete athletes and help them thrive, in sport as in life.

When the desire to win is stronger than anything

On the outskirts of freshly refurbished swimming pools and ultramodern Aquatic Centre Laval University, some coaches are busy store equipment while following the footsteps wet to the locker room.

Recently, nearly 900 swimmers participated in the Canadian Swimming Championships Swimming Canada Age Group that took place in Quebec City from July 29 to August 3.

So you could not find better place than the Aquatic Centre to join the swimmers and coaches and discuss the qualities required to become an exceptional athlete and an even more wonderful person.

The coach of Swimming Canada, Robert James Pettifor, shares his thoughts about the athletes with whom he worked over time and their joint forces.

Athletes are motivated and determined. They have the ability to focus and bounce. The successes are not always linked together; failure is necessary and inevitable. To accomplish in the sport as in life, one must understand that failure is part of the process. We must learn from mistakes and be able to recover to become better.

The greatest athletes all have the strength of character that makes them want to excel for their own satisfaction and personal satisfaction – the prestige and trophies are not to blame.

An athlete has to show resilience, determination, will and a certain lucidity. It does not deploy all efforts to please his coach or his parents; he does it for him and for him alone.

Aged 15 and a native of Victoria, swimmer Molly Gowans shares this view. Tipped to win the 200-meter freestyle in his age group (beware! If you do not want to know the results, do not read on!). It confirmed the predictions and won gold. We questioned about his motivation and what nourishes outside the pool.

“The love of competition, no doubt. I love my sport, “she says.

“I like to train, give everything I have. I firmly believe that the act of setting goals helps me a lot. Swimming boosts my motivation and encourages me to work hard and not lose my objective view. I am convinced that this is what helps me to get good grades. ”

Connecting with the athletes, one at a time

Coaches working with young Canadian swimmers recognize the influence they have on them and the need to sometimes put things in perspective. While we all want our athletes shine, personal success is measured in many ways and over several years.

“There is no age for swimming,” said Swimming Canada coach John Campbell.

“This is a sport that we can practice for the rest of our lives. I also believe that we need to let kids be kids. As a coach, I do not focus only athlete in the pool, I work with a whole person. ”

Canadian coaches also believe that to encourage girls to remain active in adolescence, it is important to create cultural ties that respects the individuality of each.

Among our former athletes or athletes nurses moms that are very well equipped to talk to swimmers from different ethnic and cultural groups and their parents, “says Pettifor.

“Our athletes can often ask them more specific questions in their native language and discuss issues affecting ethnic or cultural group in particular. They thus feel more comfortable talking to someone with a similar experience to theirs. Thus we come to bridge the cultural and language gap. We put this initiative implemented this year, and this has given excellent results to date. ”

Despite the fact that swimming is first and foremost an individual sport, young women can learn from the success of their teammates and discover how to deliver and receive the necessary support to achieve their goals.

“My team offers me all the support I need. The younger you are and what is important, “says Gowans.

“It’s great to be surrounded by people who want to see us succeed and train with fantastic teammates. I know them well and I like to train with them. They whoop, and it’s nice to see their goals. We encourage each other. ”

A still insufficient exposure

Visibility is another factor that has an impact on the popularity of women’s sports in Canada. 2015 was an extremely successful year for our Canadian women athletes: believe in the victory of the rugby team to seven, the Pan American Games as well as championships and World Cup FIBA basketball that made good news for our female elite athletes. Despite all this action, we can still do better on the media coverage that women’s sports: girls need role models which they can learn and learn.

“In North America, professional sport is dominated by men: football, baseball, hockey, etc. Although female athletes have an advantage over their male counterparts in the Canadian soccer universe, the exposure of the sport is still far short of the visibility that gives the male professional sports, “says Pettifor.

“The media should do more to celebrate the successes of our Canadian women athletes, they practice swimming, soccer, hockey or any other sport. I am convinced that to celebrate their exploits influences their long-term development and encourages them to excel. Our female athletes are immensely talented and deserve a little more recognition from the public. ”


Well done to those Canadian swimmers.

It’s not easy to get into swimming as a sport as there is usually a fear to overcome, but once you get a taste of success with water sports…it is hard to let go!

Reducing stress when diving

We at Onder Water Sport TV, thought we could kick this brand new site off with a bang…and something a little bit different!

You see, we are all about watersports, but we take health & safety very seriously and there are too many members of our team that have unfortunately lost some good friends through careless acts.

So without further ado; we present to you are massive guide about how not to panic when scuba diving:

Fear underwater

head-196541_640We can differentiate several more or less important states with related fear.

These states are in the order of importance:

  • The stress
  • Anxiety
  • Panic
  • The recognition of one of them should lead you to apply a logical response in relation to the emotional state of the moment.

Some of these statements may be stimulating or inhibiting and in absolute terms, we must not seek to curb these states directly, but rather use it as a starting point for an appropriate response that will mitigate or disappearance of emotion.

An important quality that a diver must have in this case is: patience.


Although they are slightly different, there is a tendency to confuse them and that is why we consider them together.

Stress is a more or less temporary physiological condition caused by an interaction of psychosocial external constraints, considered positive if they allow us to give the best of ourselves, and become aggressive when they are incurred since then they exceed our natural limits of adaptation as anxiety is an emotional state consisting of three basic areas:

  1. The perception of imminent danger, real or undetermined
  2. A waiting attitude to this danger
  3. A feeling of disorganization linked to the consciousness of a total helplessness in danger

So the state of emotions resulting from the anticipation or fear of approaching danger. It’s feeling great concern because of the uncertain situation or apprehension of an event that can generate a sense of insecurity, irritability up an uncontrollable fear.


It differs from fear by the intensity of anxiety, it is caused by intense fear, sudden and unexplained from a feeling of imminent threat and which is accompanied by autonomic symptoms characteristic (spasms, dyspnea, tachycardia , sweating, etc …).

From the floating anxiety to debilitating anxiety, frequency and intensity of physical discomfort and mental discomfort vary from one individual to another. Some representative disorders acute stage of anxiety attack are described in panic.

Here is a partial list of disorders that can be experienced, and often overlapping them: the diver aware of his state will recognize these signs and act accordingly.

So once anguish or anxiety detected, it will take steps to relax (see below):

  • Tremors
  • Twitching legs
  • Chest tightness often short rate (panting)
  • Chest pain or discomfort: sometimes felt as a precursor to seasickness
  • Heart palpitations
  • White or trembling voice: difficulty communicating with the monitor
  • Tied throat (difficulty swallowing)
  • Dry mouth, inability to spit in your mask
  • Knotted stomach: feeling like seasickness
  • Sweaty hands: hardly detectable
  • Sweats (hot flashes and cold)
  • Muddle
  • Blackouts: does not remember important points of the briefing
  • Blush: hardly detectable by the dive sites
  • Inability to look someone in the eyes directly visible throughout the dive


These are acute anxiety attacks, sudden terror, accompanied by very heavy physical disorders that are often interpreted as precursors to a heart attack and imminent death.

In diving, panic can occur unexpectedly and spontaneously and can obviously cause a rapid rise with a risk of pulmonary barotrauma and decompression sickness.

The physical and psychological problems it causes (just before the loss of control) are:

  1. Fear of death: causes a panic rise
  2. Fear of going crazy: rarely seen underwater, due to the particular nature of the marine environment that will favor rather the fear of death by drowning or stuffiness
  3. Feeling of unreality: difficulty communicating with the person refusing certain orders or becomes angry when asked to keep the regulator in the mouth by example
  4. Feel faint: that fortunately does not happen (see below)
  5. Dyspnoea (difficulty breathing) increased by the resistance of the regulator and the ambient pressure
    throttle sensations increased by the resistance of the regulator and the ambient pressure
  6. Dizziness dizziness
  7. Rapid heartbeat
  8. Twitching: associated with tremors
  9. Tetany (muscle contractions)

Flight or Fight Response

Anxiety is a reaction to an imminent or future danger. From a psychological standpoint, it causes a reaction that is called by some scientists as “face or flee.” The first physiological purpose of anxiety is to prepare the body to handle a situation (muscularly, mentally, etc …) or to flee.

At a time well before our own, “the caveman” already held this “reflex” to respond quickly to the existing constant danger. Even today, in our modern societies and stressful, this old reflex is required.

To understand this principle, imagine your locked car on a railroad track with a train heading towards you. Without any anxiety, there is a good chance that your body reacts slowly and the train hits you.


To sum up this story, the object of anxiety is to protect the body and not to assault. Hence the need for the diver to use anxiety instead of undergo.

The Science


In general, when the sympathetic autonomic nervous system starts up, it tends to stimulate all of these components (simultaneous tripping of all the symptoms seen previously) or do nothing at all.

It is so rare to see a single symptom of an anguished person. This is a good thing for the diver will be able to easily detect anxiety through a wide range of possible symptoms.

On a purely biochemical level, the sympathetic nervous system releases two hormones in the body, “adrenaline and noradrenaline”, secreted by the adrenal glands on the kidneys. The role of these hormones is to allow the sympathetic system to be able to continue its effects in time.

It is therefore logical that intense anxiety can not be resolved in minutes. The introduction of soothing techniques for the diver must start at the first symptoms recognized to obtain a rapid effect. If recognition is late, or if the time between registration and immersion is very short, the diver will have to be careful to avoid other events or stressful situations do come amplify the mechanism.

The activity triggered by the sympathetic system will still be interrupted in two ways:

Epinephrine and norepinephrine are destroyed by other chemicals in the body.

The parasympathetic nervous system starts to restore a state of relaxation. We must realize that the body is self-protective and triggers the parasympathetic system that anguish lasts forever and it reaches a dangerous level for the organization.

This takes a little time but can still be accelerated by the diver, using relaxation methods.

Another important point is not to ignore that adrenaline and norepinephrine present in the body after an anxiety stage need a certain time before being neutralized (time required for the adaptation of a life hostile environment where danger can reappear and where the body needs to remain ready to respond in case of return of danger. this is characterized by a small dive persistent anxiety and a sizeable fatigue in the stressed person.

This is because it is unnecessary to take a dive too long in a person who has already arrived to fight anxiety. This feat requires a lot of physiological energy, physical and mental. Wanting absolutely endure immersion can lead to not enjoy fully the last minute, and therefore out of the water with a poor memory of the experience. in addition, we must not forget that fatigue and anxiety are factors favoring breathlessness, cold, panic and therefore, the pulmonary pressure or decompression sickness following a panic.

The effects on the cardiovascular system

The essential change that will take place at this level helps prepare the body to react quickly with the aim of creating an accelerated pace in order to increase the supply of oxygen to tissues.

This also results in an increase in the strength of the heartbeat that causes an often bothersome sensation and amplifies the feeling of anxiety.

In order to provide enough oxygen to vital parts, blood flow changes by diverting blood from places where it is least useful (peripheral vasoconstriction) to vital organs and the large muscles of the thighs and arms. (Also, in the life of every day, this is very useful in case of injury as this lessens the risk of fatal hemorrhage).

Other physiological effects

Other symptoms (caused by activation of the sympathetic nervous system) may appear. They are neither harmful nor dangerous.

  • Dilated pupils, Let go more light but can create a blurred vision
  • Decreased salivation: Dry mouth (increased effect by dry air from the bottle and can sometimes become unpleasant)
  • Decreased activity of the digestive system causes nausea and heaviness in the stomach
  • Usually, because this sequence of side effects requires a lot of energy, people feel tired eventually, exhausted, drained

The behavioral mechanism

Since all of the symptoms mentioned above has only one purpose: to prepare the body to deal with a particular situation or flee, it becomes clear that those subjected to these physical symptoms n ‘ have only one desire: to flee the place where they are.

If the leak is not possible (as can happen on a boat) and anxiety about control, some attitudes may appear to begin pacing, foot tapping or become unsociable. Once in the water against, this can lead to panic, abandoning voluntarily or abandonment by simulating any problem.

The mental mechanism

The first objective of anxiety or anxiety is to alert our organization to potential danger: the result is immediate and automatic diversion of attention. Vigilance takes orders to scan the area to detect any potential threat.
It becomes difficult to focus on common tasks. It is normal for a diver to feel inattentive, be it at the briefing, surface or underwater.

This state of vigilance also affects short-term memory, so listen long briefing is often unnecessary.

As we have said previously, anxiety states or anxiety are important to the limits of what the panic. The reason is that vigilance will try to detect an external cause that could explain the discomfort felt. Still, it is sometimes difficult to find a real threat (especially if the monitor has established an impeccable safety). In this case, introspection will no longer take place on the outside but inside the person, “if there is nothing outside that can make me anxious, there must be something who does not ring with me running.

Obviously in diving it is on breathing that will bring the threat “I’m choking, I’m going to drown.” These reactions, distressing, however, are normal and should not worsen. It therefore becomes important to then take control with some simple techniques that we will develop further.

Finishing up

So there you have it, a basic run through of some of the symptoms to look out for when diving.

It can be a little bit scary to think that we may not even notice some of these issues when immersed in a dive, but with the proper preparation and training, we can easily overcome any of these problems.